Publications - Mountain Home Hearing and Balance Research Program
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Mountain Home Hearing and Balance Research Program


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Ryan, D.B., Colwell, K.A., Throckmorton, C.S., Collins, L.M., Caves, K, & Sellers, E.W. (2018). Evaluating brain-computer interface performance in an ALS population: Checkerboard and color paradigms. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 49(2), 114-121. doi:10.1177/1550059417737443

Roller, R., & Hall, C. (2018). A speed-based approach to vestibular rehabilitation for peripheral vestibular hypofunction: A retrospective chart review. Journal of Vestibular Research, 28(3-4). doi:10.3233/VES-180633

Swan, A. A., Nelson, J. T., Poqoda, T. K., Amuan, M. E., Akin, F. W., & Pugh, M. J. (2018). Sensory dysfunction and traumatic brain injury severity among deployed post-9/11 veterans: A chronic effects of neurotrauma consortium study. Brain Injury, 32(10), 1197-1207. doi:10.1080/02699052.2018.1495340


Akin, F. W., Murnane, O.D., Hall, C.D., & Riska, K. M. (2017). Vestibular consequences of mild traumatic brain injury and blast exposure: A review. Brain Injury, 31(9), 1188-1194. doi:10.1080/02699052.2017.1288928

Akin, F. W., Riska, K. M., Williams, L., Rouse, S. B., & Murnane, O.D. (2017). Characteristics and treatment outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in a cohort of Veterans. American Journal of Audiology, 26, 473-480. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-16-0118

Hall, C.D., Karpen, S. C., Odle, B., Panus, P. C., & Walls, Z. F. (2017). Development and evaluation of the medication-based index of physical function (MedIP). Age and Ageing, 46(5), 761-766. doi:10.1093/ageing/afx056

Riska, K. M., Akin, F. W., Williams, L., Rouse, S. B., & Murnane, O.D. (2017). A Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Triage Clinic. American Journal of Audiology, 26(4), 481-485. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-16-0119

Ryan, D., Townsend, G., Gates, N., Colwell, K., & Sellers, E. (2017). Evaluating brain-computer interface performance using color in the P300 checkerboard speller. Clinical Neurophysiology, 128(10), 2050-2057. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2017.07.397

Wilson, R. H., & Sharrett, K. C. (2017). Interrupted monosyllabic words: The effects of ten interruption locations on recognition performance by older listeners with sensorineural hearing loss. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 28(1), 68-79. doi:10.3766/jaaa.15154


Clements, J., Sellers, E., Ryan, D., Caves, K., Collins, L., & Throckmorton, C. (2016). Applying dynamic data collection to improve dry electrode system performance for a P300-based brain-computer interface. Journal of Neural Engineering, 13(6). doi:10.1088/1741-2560/13/6/066018

Gattu, R., Akin, F. W., Cacace, A. T., Hall, C.D., Murnane, O.D., & Haacke, E. M. (2016). Vestibular, balance, microvascular and white matter neuroimaging characteristics of blast injuries and mild traumatic brain injury: Four case reports. Brain Injury, 30(12), 1501-1514. doi:10.1080/02699052.2016.1219056

Hall, C., Clevenger, C., Wolf, R., Lin, J., Johnson II, T., & Wolf, S. (2016). Feasibility of a low-cost, interactive gaming system to assess balance in older women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 24(1), 111-118. doi:10.1123/japa.2014-0184

Hall, C., Herdman, S., Whitney, S., Cass, S., Clendaniel, R., Fife, T., . . . Woodhouse, S. (2016). Treatment for vestibular disorders: How does your physical therapist treat dizziness related to vestibular problems? Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 40(2), 156. doi:10.1097/01.NPT.0000481898.55592.6e

Hall, C., Herdman, S., Whitney, S., Cass, S., Clendaniel, R., Fife, T., . . . Woodhouse, S. (2016). Vestibular rehabilitation for Peripheral Vestibular Hypofunction: An evidence-based clinical practice guideline: FROM THE AMERICAN PHYSICAL THERAPY ASSOCIATION NEUROLOGY SECTION. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 40(2), 124-155. doi:10.1097/NPT.0000000000000120

McBean, A., Najjar, R., Schuchard, R., Hall, C., Wang, C., Ku, B., & Zeitzer, J. (2016). Standing balance and spatiotemporal aspects of gait are impaired upon nocturnal awakening in healthy late middle-aged and older adults. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 12(11), 1477-1486. doi:10.5664/jcsm.6270

Murnane, O.D., Akin, F. W., & Riska, K. M. (2016). Contemporary Issues in Vestibular Assessment. Scientific Foundations of Audiology:  Perspectives from Physics, Biology, Modeling, and Medicine. Anthony T. Cacace, Avril Genene Holt, & Pim van Dijk, Eds.  (pp. 73-98). San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing Inc.

Nelson, M., Akin, F., Riska, K., Andresen, K., & Mondelli, S. (2016). Vestibular assessment and rehabilitation: Ten-year survey trends of Audiologists' opinions and practice. Journal of American Academy Audiology, 27(2), 126-140. doi:10.3766/jaaa.15035

Riska, K. M., Murnane, O., Akin, F. W., & Hall, C. (2016). Video Head Impulse Testing (vHIT) and the Assessment of Horizontal Semicircular Canal Function. Journal of American Academy Audiology, 26(5), 518-523. doi:10.3766/jaaa.14083


Hackney, M., Hall, C., Echt, K., & Wolf, S. (2015). Multimodal exercise benefits mobility in older adults with visual impairment: A preliminary study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 23(4), 630-639. doi:10.1123/japa.2014-0008

Herdman, S., Hall, C., Maloney, B., Knight, S., Ebert, M., & Lowe, J. (2015). Variables associated with outcome in patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction: Preliminary study. Journal of Vestibular Research, 25(3-4), 185-194. doi:10.3233/VES-150556

Mainsah, B., Collins, L., Colwell, K., Sellers, E., Ryan, D., Caves, K., & Throckmorton, C. (2015). Increasing BCI communication rates with dynamic stopping towards more practical use: an ALS study. Journal of Neural Engineering, 12(1). doi:10.1088/1741-2560/12/1/016013


Colwell, K. A., Ryan, D. B., Throckmorton, C. S., Sellers, E. W., & Collins, L. M. (2014). Channel selection methods for the P300 Speller. Journal of Neuroscience, 232, 6-15. doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2014.04.009

Cox, R. M., Alexander, G. C., & Xu, J. (2014). Development of the device-oriented subjective outcome (DOSO) scale. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 25(8), 727-736. doi:10.3766/jaaa.25.8.3

Hall, C.D., & Herdman, S. J. (2014). Balance Function and Dysfunction and the Vestibular System. In M. Selzer, S. Clarke, L. Cohen, G. Kwakkel, & R. Miller (Eds.), Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Medical Neurorehabilitation (2nd ed., Vol. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, C.D., Meldrum, D., & Whitney, S. L. (2014). The Role of Emerging Technologies in Vestibular Rehabilitation. In S. J. Herdman & E. Richard A. Clendaniel (Eds.), Vestibular Rehabilitation (4th ed., pp. 537-553). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.

Heusel-Gillig, L., & Hall, C.D. (2014). Physical Therapy and Management of People with Non-Vestibular Dizziness. In S. J. Herdman & R. A. Clendaniel (Eds.), Vestibular Rehabilitation (4th ed.). Dallas, TX: F. A. Davis Company.

Papathanasiou, E. S., Murofushi, T., Akin, F. W., & Colebatch, J. G. (2014). International guidelines for the clinical application of cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: An expert consensus report. Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(4), 658-666. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2013.11.042

Sellers, E., Ryan, D., & Hauser, C. (2014). Noninvasive brain-computer interface enables communication after brainstem stroke. Science Translational Medicine, 6(257), 257re257. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3007801

Smith, S. L. (2014). Promoting Self-Efficacy in Patient-Centered Audiologic Rehabilitation for Adults with Hearing Loss. Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, 21(1), 24-32. doi:10.1044/arri21.1.24

Williams-Sanchez, V., McArdle, R. A., Wilson, R. H., Kidd, G. R., Watson, C. S., & Bourne, A. L. (2014). Validation of a screening test of auditory function using the telephone. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 25(10), 937-951. doi:10.3766/jaaa.25.10.3

Wilson, R. H. (2014). Variables that influence the recognition performance of interrupted words: Rise-fall shape and temporal location of the interruptions. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 25(7), 688-696. doi:10.3766/jaaa.25.7.8

Wilson, R. H., & McArdle, R. (2014). A treatise on the thresholds of interoctave frequencies: 1500, 3000, and 6000 Hz. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 25(2), 171-186. doi:10.3766/jaaa.25.2.6


Akin, F. W., Hall, C.D., & Riska, K. M. (2013). Interdisciplinary approach to dizziness: Roles of audiology and physical therapy. Perspectives on Public Health Issues Related to Hearing and Balance, 14(1), 11-21. doi:10.1044/phi14.1.11

Bhatti, P. T., Herdman, S. J., Roy, S. D., Hall, C.D., & Tusa, R. J. (2013). A prototype head-motion monitoring system for in-home vestibular rehabilitation therapy. Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science. doi:10.4172/2155-9538.s1-009

Ching, T. Y., Johnson, E. E., Hou, S., Dillon, H., Zhang, V., Burns, L., & Flynn, C. (2013). A comparison of NAL and DSL prescriptive methods for pediatric hearing-aid fitting: Predicted speech intelligibility and loudness. International Journal of Audiology, 52(S29-S38). doi:10.3109/14992027.2013.765041

Ching, T. Y., Johnson, E. E., Seeto, M., & Macrae, J. H. (2013). Hearing-aid safety: A comparison of estimated threshold shifts for gains recommended by NAL-NL2 and DSL m [i/o] prescriptions for children. International Journal of Audiology, 52(S39-S45). doi:10.3109/14992027.2013.847976

Chisolm, T. H., Saunders, G. H., Frederick, M. T., McArdle, R. A., Smith, S. L., & Wilson, R. H. (2013). Learning to listen again: The role of compliance in auditory training for adults with hearing loss. American Journal of Audiology, 22(2), 339-342. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2013/12-0081)

Feeney, M. P., Hunter, L. L., Kei, J., Lilly, D. J., Margolis, R. H., Nakajima, H. H., & Schairer, K. S. (2013). Consensus statement: Eriksholm workshop on wideband absorbance measures of the middle ear. Ear and Hearing, 34(78s-79s). doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e31829c726b

Hackney, M. E., Hall, C.D., Echt, K. V., & Wolf, S. L. (2013). Dancing for balance: Feasibility and efficacy in oldest-old adults with visual impairment. Nursing Research, 62(2), 138-143. doi:10.1097/nnr.0b013e318283f68e

Johnson, E. E. (2013). An Initial-Fit Comparison of Two Generic Hearing Aid Prescriptive Methods (NAL-NL2 and CAM2) to Individuals Having Mild to Moderately Severe High-Frequency Hearing Loss. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 24(2), 138-150. doi:10.3766/jaaa.24.2.7

Johnson, E. E. (2013). Modern prescription theory and application: Realistic expectations for speech recognition with hearing aids. Trends in Amplification, 17(3), 143-170. doi:10.1177/1084713813506301

Johnson, E. E. (2013). Prescriptive amplification recommendations for hearing losses with a conductive component and their impact on the required maximum power output: An update with accompanying clinical explanation. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 24(6), 452-460. doi:10.3766/jaaa.24.6.2

Neely, S. T., Stenfelt, S., & Schairer, K. S. (2013). Alternative ear-canal measures related to absorbance. Ear and Hearing, 34, 72s-77s. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e31829c7229

Schairer, K. S., Feeney, M. P., & Sanford, C. A. (2013). Acoustic reflex measurement. Ear and Hearing, 34(1), 43s-47s. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e31829c70d9

Shahnaz, N., Feeney, M. P., & Schairer, K. S. (2013). Wideband acoustic immittance normative data: Ethnicity, gender, aging, and instrumentation. Ear and Hearing, 34, 27s-35s. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e31829d5328

Smith, S. L., Ricketts, T., McArdle, R. A., Chisolm, T. H., Alexander, G., & Bratt, G. (2013). Style preference survey: A report on the psychometric properties and a cross-validation experiment. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 24(2), 89-104. doi:10.3766/jaaa.24.2.3

Throckmorton, C., Colwell, K., Ryan, D., Sellers, E., & Collins, L. (2013). Bayesian approach to dynamically controlling data collection in P300 spellers. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 21(3), 508-517. doi:10.1109/TNSRE.2013.2253125

Wilson, R. H., & McArdle, R. (2013). Characteristics of the audiometric 4,000 Hz notch (744,553 veterans) and the 3,000, 4,000, and 6,000 Hz notches (539,932 veterans). Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 50(1), 111. doi:10.1682/jrrd.2011.11.0225

Zecker, S. G., Hoffman, H. J., Frisina, R., Dubno, J. R., Dhar, S., Wallhagen, M., . . . Wilson, R. H. (2013). Audition assessment using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology, 80(11), S45-S48. doi:10.1212/wnl.0b013e3182872dd2


Akin, F. W., Hall, C.D., & Murnane, O.D. (2012). The role of rotational stimulation in vestibular compensation. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 148(1), 176-177. doi:10.1177/0194599812460989

Akin, F. W., Murnane, O.D., Tampas, J. W., Clinard, C., Byrd, S., & Kelly, J. K. (2012). The effect of noise exposure on the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential. Ear and Hearing, 33(4), 458-465. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e3182498c5f

Hackney, M. E., Hall, C.D., Echt, K. V., & Wolf, S. L. (2012). Application of adapted tango as therapeutic intervention for patients with chronic stroke. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 35(4), 206-217. doi:10.1519/jpt.0b013e31823ae6ea

Humes, L. E., Dubno, J. R., Gordon-Salant, S., Lister, J. J., Cacace, A. T., Cruickshanks, K. J., . . . Wingfield, A. (2012). Central presbycusis: A review and evaluation of the evidence. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 23(8), 635-666. doi:10.3766/jaaa.23.8.5

Smith, S. L., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., Wilson, R. H., & MacDonald, E. N. (2012). Word recognition for temporally and spectrally distorted materials: The effects of age and hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 33(3), 349-366. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e318242571c

Wilson, R. H., & McArdle, R. (2012). Speech-in-noise measures: Variable versus fixed speech and noise levels. International Journal of Audiology, 51(9), 708-712. doi:10.3109/14992027.2012.684407

Wilson, R. H., McArdle, R., Watts, K. L., & Smith, S. L. (2012). The Revised Speech Perception in Noise Test (R-SPIN) in a multiple signal-to-noise ratio paradigm. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 23(8), 590-605. doi:10.3766/jaaa.23.7.9

Wilson, R. H., Trivette, C. P., Williams, D. A., & Watts, K. L. (2012). The effects of energetic and informational masking on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN). Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 23(7), 522-533. doi:10.3766/jaaa.23.7.4


Akin, F. W., & Murnane, O.D. (2011). Head injury and blast exposure: vestibular consequences. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 44(2), 323-334. doi:10.1016/j.otc.2011.01.005

Akin, F. W., Murnane, O.D., Pearson, A., Byrd, S., & Kelly, J. K. (2011). Normative data for the subjective visual vertical test during centrifugation. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 460-468. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.6

Akin, F. W., Murnane, O.D., Tampas, J. W., & Clinard, C. G. (2011). The effect of age on the vestibular evoked myogenic potential and sternocleidomastoid muscle tonic electromyogram level. Ear and Hearing, 32(5), 617-622. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e318213488e

Cox, R. M., Schwartz, K. S., Noe, C. M., & Alexander, G. C. (2011). Preference for one or two hearing aids among adult patients. Ear and Hearing, 32(2), 181- 197. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e3181f8bf6c

Hall, C.D., Barnes, C. S., & Schuchard, R. A. (2011). Falls Risk Assessment in People with Retinitis Pigmentosa. Insight: Research & Practice in Visual Impairment and Blindness, 4(2).

Hall, C.D., Echt, K. V., Wolf, S. L., & Rogers, W. A. (2011). Cognitive and motor mechanisms underlying older adults' ability to divide attention while walking. Physical Therapy, 91(7), 1039-1050.

Herdman, S. J., Hall, C.D., & Delaune, W. (2011). Variables associated with outcome in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 26(2), 151-162. doi:10.1177/1545968311407514

Herdman, S. J., Hall, C.D., Eggers, R., Sampson, S., Goodier, S., & Filson, B. (2011). Misclassification of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia as having psychogenic postural instability based on computerized Dynamic Posturography. Frontiers in Neurology, 2(21). doi:10.3389/fneur.2011.00021

Hornsby, B. W., Johnson, E. E., & Picou, E. (2011). Effects of degree and configuration of hearing loss on the contribution of high-and low-frequency speech information to bilateral speech understanding. Ear and Hearing, 32(5), 543-555. doi:10.1097/aud.0b013e31820e5028

Johnson, E. E. (2011). Determinants of Department of Veterans Affairs hearing aid brand dispensing by individual audiologists. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 48(7), 865-880. doi:10.1682/jrrd.2010.04.0077

Johnson, E. E. & Dillon, H. (2011). A comparison of gain for adults from generic hearing aid prescriptive methods: Impacts on predicted loudness, frequency bandwidth, and speech intelligibility. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 441-459. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.5

Keefe, D., & Schairer, K. (2011). Specification of absorbed-sound power in the ear canal: Application to suppression of stimulus frequency otoacoustic emissions. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129(2), 779-791. doi:10.1121/1.3531796

Leigh-Paffenroth, E. D., & Elangovan, S. (2011). Temporal processing in low-frequency channels: Effects of age and hearing loss in middle-aged listeners. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 393-404. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.2

Leigh-Paffenroth, E. D., Roup, C. M., & Noe, C. M. (2011). Behavioral and electrophysiologic binaural processing in persons with symmetric hearing loss. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(3), 181-193. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.3.6

Murnane, O.D., Akin, F. W., Kelly, J. K., & Byrd, S. (2011). Effects of stimulus and recording parameters on the air conduction ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 469-480. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.7

Ryan, D., Frye, G., Townsend, G., Berry, D., Mesa-G, S., Gates, N., & Sellers, E. (2011). Predictive spelling with a P300-based brain-computer interface: Increasing the rate of communication. The International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 27(1), 69-84. doi:10.1080/10447318.2011.535754

Schairer, K., Morrison, B., Szewczyk, E., & Fowler, C. (2011). Relationships among standard and wideband measures of middle ear function and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Journal of American Academic of Audiology, 22(5), 253-264. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.5.2

Smith, S. L., & Fagelson, M. (2011). Development of the self-efficacy for tinnitus management questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 424-440. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.4

Smith, S. L., Pichora-Fuller, K. M., Watts, K. L., & La More, C. (2011). Development of the Listening Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (LSEQ). International Journal of Audiology, 50(6), 417-425. doi:10.3109/14992027.2011.553205

Wilson, R. H. (2011). Clinical experience with the Words-in-Noise Test on 3430 veterans: Comparisons with pure-tone thresholds and word recognition in quiet. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 405-423. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.3

Wilson, R. H. (2011). Research at the VA Medical Center, Mountain Home, Tennessee. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(7), 392. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.7.1

Wilson, R. H. (2011). Some observations on the nature of the Audiometric 4000-Hz Notch: Data from 3430 Veterans. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(1), 23-33. doi:10.3766/jaaa.22.1.4


Echt, K. V., Smith, S. L., Burridge, A. B., & Spiro, I. A. (2010). Longitudinal changes in hearing sensitivity among men: The Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128(4), 1992-2002. doi:10.1121/1.3466878

Hall, C.D., & Heusel-Gillig, L. (2010). Balance rehabilitation and dual-task ability in older adults. Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics, 1(1), 22-26. doi:10.1016/j.jcgg.2010.10.007

Hall, C.D., Heusel-Gillig, L., Tusa, R. J., & Herdman, S. J. (2010). Efficacy of gaze stability exercises in older adults with dizziness. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 34(2), 64-69. doi:10.1097/npt.0b013e3181dde6d8

Johnson, E. E. (2010). How do hearing aid dispensers pick their buying preferences? The Hearing Journal, 63(3), 10-12. doi:10.1097/01.hj.0000369560.68431.15

Johnson, E.E., & Ricketts, T.A. (2010). Dispensing rates of four common hearing aid product features: Associations with variations in practice among audiologists. Trends in Amplification, 14(1), 12-45. doi:10.1177/1084713810362988

Leigh-Paffenroth, E. D., & Murnane, O.D. (2010). Auditory steady state responses recorded in multitalker babble. International Journal of Audiology, 50(2), 86-97. doi:10.3109/14992027.2010.532512

Schubert, M. C., Hall, C.D., Das, V., Tusa, R. J., & Herdman, S. J. (2010). Oculomotor strategies and their effect on reducing gaze position error. Otology & Neurotology, 31(2), 228-231. doi:10.1097/mao.0b013e3181c2dbae

Wilson, R. H., Farmer, N. M., Gandhi, A., Shelburne, E., & Weaver, J. (2010). Normative data for the Words-in-Noise Test for 6-to 12-year-old children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 53(5), 1111-1121. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0270)

Wilson, R. H., McArdle, R., Betancourt, M. B., Herring, K., Lipton, T., & Chisolm, T. H. (2010). Word-recognition performance in interrupted noise by young listeners with normal hearing and older listeners with hearing loss. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 21(2), 90-109. doi:10.3766/jaaa.21.2.4

Wilson, R. H., Noe, C. M., Cruickshanks, K. J., Wiley, T. L., & Nondahl, D. M. (2010). Prevalence and degree of hearing loss among males in the Beaver Dam Cohort: A comparison of veterans and non-veterans. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 47(6). doi:10.1682/jrrd.2009.10.0169

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